The monstrous Camarasaurus family name signifies chambered lizard referring to the gaps in its skeleton vertebrae and was the largest dinosaur ever to have existed on earth. Camarasaurus - the most common dinosaur found in the Late Jurassic of Utah and all of North America.
Camarasaurus is a dinosaur which lived approximately 150 million years ago during the late Jurassic Period. Camarasaurus is a quadrupedal dinosaur which, depending on the individual species, was anywhere from 24 to 64 feet in length, 15 feet tall at the hips and weighed around 20 tons.
It had a small, square-shaped head and short round snout. Its unusually large chisel- or spoon-shaped teeth equipped Camarasaurus to browse on a wide variety of vegetation. Its front legs were slightly shorter than its hind legs and its neck and tail were proportionally shorter than most sauropods.
Camarasauruses was an herbivore that had an extremely long neck that may have allowed it to graze from the tops of trees - if it was capable of raising its head that high. Some paleontologist has speculated that it would have been impossible for this dinosaur to have raised its head that high because it would have put too much pressure on its heart. Other paleontologists disagree with this assertion, stating that even if it couldn’t raise its head that high it could still rear up on its hind legs to reach the tops of trees.
One interesting fact about Camarasaurus that is agreed upon by most paleontologist, however, is that this dinosaur probably ate stones to aid in digesting plant material. These stones - known as gastroliths - would have helped this dinosaur grind plant material down in its stomach. It would keep these stones in its stomach until they became too smooth to be of use, and then the dinosaur would either poop them out or regurgitate them. They would then have to swallow more stones as a replacement.
Even though the skull has many large fenestra it is remarkably robust and solid, possibly explaining the high standard of preservation that has come to be associated with Camarasaurus skulls. The teeth are also very large and spatulate in form so that they could crop off vegetation from the coarser branches and growths. This is quite different from other sauropods such as Diplodocus which had weaker teeth, but a head position that saw them capable of easily feeding from softer low growing vegetation.
Unlike some similar kinds of dinosaurs like Saltasaurus that have been found to lay eggs in nests, Camarasaurus eggs have been found in lines which suggest that Camarasaurus did not spend extensive
In artwork, it is depicted with a short, protruding tail, an upright neck, and a small, boxy head. The innermost toe on each foot bears a hooked claw, which is one of this creature’s most characteristic features.
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